The results of Reicher and Haslam experiment were very different to say the least; in fact they were the total opposite to that of Zimbardo. The guards in Reicher and Haslam study did not conform to their ‘naturally assumed’ role, the prisoners, however, adapted a very negative role toward the guards; the prisoner’s possessed a negative resistance to the guard’s management.

As stated earlier it is the aim of the dissertation to compare these two experiments and discuss their findings, in doing this the author will look at the settings used for both the experiment, for instance Zimbardo used a real lifelike setting whereas, Reicher and Haslam adapted a more social environment which was televised. Further to this Zimbardo’s volunteers were arrested by law enforcement officers, in an attempt to enact the real life experience of an arrested criminal, in the case of Reicher and Haslam the volunteers were aware that they were being filmed, which may have led to them ‘to playing up to the camera’.

The dissertation also strives to investigate what possible social and cultural changes have taken place over the last thirty years that could influence the perceptions and roles of the two set volunteers. By observing the influence of the Human Rights Law and the fact that most people in the world are aware of this law is due to world technology improvements and globalization. During the 1970’s police brutality and the general overwhelming power of the establishment was renowned and this was depicted in the roles being played by the volunteers in the positions of guards at the prison in the experiments.

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Dissertation on psychology
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