“We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life liberty and the pursuit of happiness; that, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing it powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.”
Other European thinkers also had a strong influence on American concept of democracy. Montesquieu believed that the government functions the best when the powers of government are not concentrated in one person’s or a group’s hand. This is because the divisions will allow seeing and limiting the powers of other divisions. Within theUSgovernment for this reason we have three branches with unique powers and responsibilities: the Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch and Judicial Branch. The purpose of these three divisions is to keep a check and a balance on the other two so that they all function within their allotted responsibilities (Eric, Rankin, Baird, 1999).
There is no denying that American Constitution and the Declaration of Independence pivotal in creating a democratic environment did not spring up all by its own. It borrowed heavily from the trials, mistakes and the wisdom of civilizations and the prominent philosophers that came before them.
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