The methodology that has been employed for the purpose of this paper is to gather information about affirmative actions, and its application to various fields through an extensive search conducted using textbooks, reference journals, articles, and online news clippings. The news clippings have been specifically used to gather information about instances where affirmative action has been employed in the United States. The validity of the data collected has been ensured by using well known and reviewed reference books and articles from newspapers and online peer reviewed journals. Credible data from theUnited Statesdepartment of Labor has also been gathered, all of which is analyzed in a qualitative and subjective manner.
Affirmative action is a term that refers to legal policies and procedures that are put in place and to encourage equal opportunity for all. “‘Affirmative action’ means positive steps taken to increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and business from which they have been historically excluded. When those steps involve preferential selection—selection on the basis of race, gender, or ethnicity—affirmative action generates intense controversy” (‘Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy’).
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